amateur Jack Russell terrier breeders under the guidance of the English
judge Eddie Chapman published the first standard before the British Kennel
Club recognised the breed:
The terrier must present a lively,
active and alert appearance. It should impress with its fearless and happy
disposition. It should be remembered that the Jack Russell is a working
terrier and should retain these instincts. Nervousness, cowardice or over
aggression should be discouraged and it should always appear confident.
A sturdy, tough terrier, very much on its toes
all the time, measuring between 9" and 15" at the withers. The
body length must be in proportion to the height and it should present a
compact, balanced image, always being in a solid, hard condition.
Should be well balanced and in proportion to
the body. The skull should be flat, of moderate width at the ears,
narrowing to the eyes. There should be a defined stop but not over
pronounced. The length of mussle from the nose to the stop should be
slightly shorter than the distance from the stop to the occiput. The nose
should be black. The jaw should be powerful and well boned with strongly
Should be almond shaped, dark in colour and
full of life and intelligence.
Small "V" shaped drop
ears carried forward close to the head and of moderate thickness.
Strong teeth with the top slightly overlapping
Clean and muscular, of good length, gradually widening at the shoulders.
should be sloping and well laid back, fine at points and clearly cut at the
withers. Forelegs should be strong and straight boned with joints in correct
alignment. Elbows hanging perpendicular to the body and working free of the
The chest should be shallow, narrow and the front
legs set not too widely apart, giving an athletic, rather than heavily
chested, appearance. As a guide only, the chest should be small enough to be
easily spanned behind the shoulders, by average size hands, when the terrier
is in a fit, working condition. The back should be strong, straight and, in
comparison to the height of the terrier, give a balanced image. The loin
should be slightly arched.
Should be strong and muscular, well put together
with good angulation and bend of stifle, giving plenty of drive and
propulsion. Looking from behind the hocks must be straight.
Round, hard padded,
of cat-like appearance, neither turning in nor out.
Should be set rather high, carried
gaily and in proportion to body length, usually about 4" long,
providing a good hand hold.
being so sparse as not to provide a certain amount of protection from the
elements and undergrowth. Rough or broken coated, without being woolly.
White should predominate with tan, black or brown markings.
Movement should be free, lively, well co-ordinated with straight action in
front and behind.
For showing purposes terriers are classified in two groups - 9"
to 12" - over 12" and up to 15".
Old scars or injuries, the result
of work or accident, should not be allowed to prejudice a terrier's chance
in the show ring unless they interfere with its movement or with its
utility for work or stud. Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully decended into the scrotum.
A Jack Russell Terrier should not
show any strong characteristics of another breed.
* * * * *
On January 1990 the British Kennel Club adopted the
standard of the breed of the Parson Jack Russell Terrier Club and recognised
this club as the official representative of the breed. It entrusted to it
the responsibility to gather all the owners of Parson Jack Russell Terriers
who held pedigree papers delivered by the club for at least three
generations. This pedigree became official after recognition by the Kennel